• Dump Truck Design 101: What Do I Need to Know to Buy a Dump Truck?

    | blog | April 4, 2017


    A dump truck can be defined as a vehicle used for the transportation of different types of loose materials such as sand, gravel, dirt, etc.  The dump truck is typically equipped with a hydraulically operated dump bed with a hinged back.  If you are locally or on the internet looking for a dump trucks sale, you might be surprised by the sheer number of types, configurations, and sizes that are available for purchase. So before heading out to buy a dump truck, it is important to determine what design will best suit your work requirements.

    When choosing a dump truck for your business, it is important to know that these trucks come in various designs depending on its particular application.  You need to take into consideration if the design is suitable for your work requirements. Dump trucks are categorized based on bed types and style of dumping as well as the number of axles, the terrain for which it is better suited, the design of the body frame, and most importantly its capacity.

    In this article, for those of you looking for dump trucks sale in order to purchase a dump truck, let’s look at some of the different types of dump truck designs to determine which type is suitable for your business.

    Standard Dump Truck

    The standard dump truck design is a truck frame mounted with an open box bed that can be raised via a hydraulic pump located between the cab and the dump body; the tailgate on the end is typically hinged. The standard dump truck is single bodied with one front axle and one or more rear axles, either powered or unpowered. The short wheelbase of the standard dump truck makes the truck more maneuverable than other dump truck types with higher capacity.  It is ideally suited for road driving with a good variable capacity.

    Transfer Dump Truck

    A transfer dump truck is basically a standard dump truck that pulls a separate trailer which can also be loaded.  When the main dump box is empty, the secondary trailer will roll onto the empty main dump box to dump its load, thereby maximizing payload capacity without sacrificing maneuverability.

    Superdump Truck

    To solve the payload restriction in some states, the superdump truck is equipped with a trailing axle. The trailing axle is retractable and is used only when the payload is over the maximum payload limit. The trailing axle is designed to carry the extra weight of the payload, distributing the weight to a much wider ground area in order to meet the load limit.

    Semi Trailer End Dump Truck

    The semi end dump is a tractor-trailer combination where the trailer has the hydraulic hoist.  It is advantageous because of its large capacity as well as its ability to rapidly unload.  The disadvantage is that it can be unstable when the dumping location is uneven as well as difficult to back up.

    Semi Trailer Bottom Dump Truck

    The semi trailer bottom dump truck is similar to the end dump truck in basic design.  The trailer differs by having a clam-shell-type dump gate in the belly of the trailer.  This gives this dump truck the ability to lay down material in a linear row.  In addition, this version is maneuverable in reverse.  The disadvantage is that it is limited as to the type of spreading activity that it can perform.

    Semi Trailer Side Dump Truck

    This dump truck is also a tractor-trailer design with the trailer equipped to allow the dump body to tilt onto its side and spill the material being carried to either the right or left side. It is much more immune to tipping over when dumping unlike the semi end dump which is very prone to tipping over.  The side dump can tip over if the dumping is stopped prematurely.

    Articulated Dump Truck (ADT)

    Standard dump trucks and trailer dump trucks with their rigid frames joining the cab and the dump body into basically one unit are great for most paved road driving applications. On uneven and rough terrain conditions, the weight of the payload can cause undue strain and fatigue on the frame.  Such work conditions are better handled by an articulated dump truck.  An ADT has a hinge between the cab and the dump box yet, unlike the semi trailer truck designs, the cab is a permanent fixture and not a separate vehicle.

    As you can see, the design of the various types of dump trucks greatly affects the truck’s ability to function in different hauling and dumping situations.  Being familiar with the different designs is imperative if looking for a dump trucks sale to purchase a dump truck, especially in an unstable economy.  Study the different types, do your homework, and select the best dump truck for your business!


    Source by Christopher M. Hunter



    Sponsored Links

    Leave a Reply